The Foundation on Judaism and Christian Origins originated in 1975 to support the publication of the first complete edition of the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. Two volumes were published in 1983 and 1985 and contain translations of many "Scriptures" not canonized as the "Old Testament." These documents were judged ancient (and not later), since copies of some of them were recovered from the Qumran Caves which preserved the Dead Sea Scrolls.

After the publication of this corpus, the Princeton Dead Sea Scrolls Project was launched in 1985 to make available critical texts, translations, and introductions of all the scrolls that are not simply a copy of the Bible. This massive Project which brings together over 50 Jewish and Christian scholars is approximately 85% completed. Finalizing this Project and presenting a one-volume English edition of all the Dead Sea Scrolls is the focal point of the Foundation.

The Foundation is exceptional for the success it has enjoyed with international symposia featuring luminaries who are Jews and Christians (and some who feel comfortable with either category). These symposia have been held in Jerusalem, Princeton, St. Petersburg (Russia), Prague, and Boca Raton, Florida.

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The book of Isaiah and its reception exceptionally shaped Jewish thought from the eighth century BCE to the end of the first century CE. Studying the origin, editing, and reception of the book of Isaiah reveal an astounding continuity from before the Babylonian Exile to the Roman defeat of Bar Kokhba. The key word is "exceptionally." Was Isaiah exceptionally important for Qumran, the Baptizer, Jesus, and John? This unique conference is... Click for details...


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ENOCH CONGRESS 2013 IN THE CAMALDOLI MONASTERY
A Brief Introduction

Enoch Congress

Lecturing during the seminar in a room in the eleventh-century
Camaldoli monastery made famous by Lorenzo de' MediciEnoch Congress, 2013, Charlesworth presented lecutures, this photo taken in a room made famous by Lorenzo de' Medici in the eleventh-century in the Camaldoli Monastery.

On his return to Israel from the Congress, he posted these reflections:

"I am back in Israel (editing the Hodayot for the Princeton Project) and thinking about the Enoch Congress that was held in the high mountains between Rome and Florence. I am pleased I helped Gabriele Boccaccini, Professor of Early Christianity and Professor of Judaic Studies, University of Michigan, establish this forum for dialogue among the best scholars and to enjoy the process of learning and growing in ways to comprehend better the complex and creative world that defined thinking in ancient Palestine, especially before 70, when so much changed.

I think the consensus of about 50 scholars from 18 countries evolved to recognize many levels of influences from the BOOKS OF ENOCH upon the Evangelists. The BOOKS OF ENOCH were composed from c. 300 BCE to 70 CE. One influence that is certain is that mastering these books helps us imagine not only the intentions of an Evangelist, but also how the Gospels may have been read in antiquity, especially by Jews and Jewish converts to the Jesus Movement, and how they should be comprehended by us today."

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FROM WIKIPEDIA:

The Enoch Seminar is an academic group of international specialists in Second Temple Judaism and the origins of Christianity who share information about their work in the field and biennially meet to discuss topics of common interest.

Supported by the Department of Near Eastern Studies of the University of Michigan and the Michigan Center for Early Christian Studies, the group gathers about 200 university professors from more than fifteen countries.

The Enoch Seminar focuses on the period of Jewish history, culture and literature from the Babylonian Exile (6th century BC) to the Bar-Kochba revolt (2nd century AD) — the period in which both Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism have their roots.

Camaldoli Monastery has been home to a majority of the Enoch Congresses. The venue was founded almost 1,000 years ago. From Stanley Roseman's "Monastic Life, Monastic Orders," this brief history hints at the location's mellennia of contributions:

"Camaldoli was founded in c.1023-24 by St. Romuald of Ravenna, who established a group of hermit dwellings and a chapel on a gift of land situated at 1,100 meters in the Tuscan-Romagna range of the Apennines. At an existing refuge lower down the mountain, at about 800 meters, Romuald assigned several monks to provide food and lodging for travelers and pilgrims crossing the mountain pass. The refuge became a monastery maintaining a guesthouse. The monastery and hermitage formed a single monastic community. By the twelfth century, Camaldoli was the head of a cenobitical-eremitical congregation, numbering more than twenty monasteries and hermitages, within the Order of St. Benedict, also known as the Benedictine Order.

"From the dawn of the Renaissance, Camaldoli nurtured the development of humanism. Cosimo de' Medici (1389-1464), Pater Patriae, patriarch of the great House of Medici and humanist, was educated at the school of the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, in Florence. Cosimo's older contemporary and friend Ambrogio Traversari (1386-1439), also educated at Santa Maria degli Angeli, was a monk and outstanding classical scholar who was elected Prior General of the Camaldolese Congregation.

"Lorenzo de' Medici, called Il Magnifico, inherited the humanist ideals of his grandfather. In the second half of the fifteenth century, Lorenzo, his brother Giuliano, and other distinguished members of Florence's Platonic Academy, including the philosopher Marsilio Ficino; poet and man of letters Cristoforo Landini; and architect and art theorist Leon Battista Alberti gathered at Camaldoli for study and discourse in the newly built conference room, called the Hall of the Academies, in the guesthouse of the monastery."

THE JEWISH CHRISTIAN TALKS OF CAMALDOLI

This web page is available only in the Italian language; the link above serves up the "Google Translate/Wikipedia" description, which begins thus:

"The 'Jewish-Christian Talks of Camaldoli,' promoted from 1980 by the Congregation of the Camaldolesi, are a series of meetings that brought together every year to see the monastery of Camaldoli the many associations of Christian-Jewish dialogue in Italy with the participation of Italian and foreign experts, Jews and Christians of various denominations."

More about the 2013 Enoch Congress

Map of Camaldoli Monastery, which  has been home to a majority of the Enoch Congresses. The venue was founded almost 1,000 years ago.
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James H. Charlesworth, Ph.D.
FJCO President and Chairman

Editor,
Princeton Dead Sea Scrolls Project
George L. Collord Professor of
New Testament Language and Literature
64 Mercer St Box 821 PTS
Princeton, NJ 08542-0803


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How the Foundation Delivers its Contributions to Scholarship, Education and Theology

The research and publications sponsored by the FJCO utilize all methodologies (anthropology, sociology, psychology, philology, numismatics, high-definition imaging and theology) and all dimensions of archaeology.

The Foundation is an internationally recognized source of clarity and explanation of the world of Second Temple Judaism and the Palestinian Jesus Movement. The Foundation shares with all interested parties a better grasp of Early Judaism and the Jewish context of Jesus from Nazareth.

Together through the Foundation's work and programs, Jews and Christians join to better comprehend the thoughts of Early Judaism and Jesus' life and message. In addition to discovery and education for the historical record, we contend that open-minded research and knowledge are important for a world being destroyed physically and morally and for humans losing humane values.

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